Tag: Sustainable Business

Future 500s Force for Good Forecast 2021-Sustainability and Stakeholder Trends

Future 500’s Force for Good Forecast 2021: Sustainability and Stakeholder Trends

Our indispensable sustainability and stakeholder trend tracker

Force for Good 2021 Report from Future 500--GreenMoneyEach Spring, we publish the Force for Good Forecast, our team’s signature annual report. We do so to help corporate leaders navigate and lead on the year’s most notable social and environmental advocacy trends.

It’s the kind of report you’d usually find behind a paywall, but we provide it for free. Why? When we launched this report a decade ago, we saw a need to elevate corporate awareness of stakeholder engagement and embed it across a company’s business functions. We knew then that it was more than a “nice to have.” Today, it is critical to business success. Plus, it’s a concrete way for us to advance our mission of building trust between unusual allies––like business leaders, activists, and philanthropists––to advance business as a force for good.

Here’s a taste of this year’s lineup:

Resources Shift to Racial Justice
A rising group of activists are gaining influence, attracting funding, and changing the environmental movement’s expectations.

The Renewed Urgency for Biodiversity
Companies and governments have repeatedly fallen short on protecting flora and fauna. Will this time be different?

Will Chemical Recycling Get Cancelled?
Industry is banking on it to close the loop but activists aren’t buying the hype. Can a solution be reached before the technology is thrown to the curb?

Standardizing ESG Disclosures
Mandatory climate risk disclosures are on the horizon. This is the year to ensure they work for you.

Building Electrification
With the transportation rapidly decarbonizing, advocates are turning their attention to another major fossil fuel guzzler: homes and offices.

Reckoning With a K-Shaped Recovery
Income inequality was a simmering issue long before “social distancing” entered our vocabulary. Will the pandemic make it stakeholder capitalism’s first proving ground?

What is Net Zero, Really?
Even heavy emitters are committing to balance their carbon budget. But stakeholders want to know how you’ll decarbonize before they offer applause.

From Community Relief to Resilience
As compounding crises begin to outstrip local capacity, advocates increasingly expect companies to help fill the void.

Can Companies Help Rescue Democracy?
Escalating political polarization is unraveling democracy. CEOs are speaking up like never before, and stakeholders are taking note.

Download the Report

Future 500 has taken our best shot at these trends, but we don’t always call them right. As always, we welcome your feedback. To stay engaged with our work as we provide further analysis into these critical issues, check out our Corporate Affinity Network, or subscribe to our newsletter for regular insights from the Future 500 team.


Future 500 is a non-profit consultancy that builds trust between companies, advocates, investors, and philanthropists to advance business as a force for good. Based in San Francisco, we specialize in stakeholder engagement, sustainability strategy, and responsible communication. From stakeholder mapping to materiality assessments, partnership development to activist engagement, target setting to CSR reporting strategy, we empower our partners with the skills and relationships needed to systemically tackle today’s most pressing environmental, social, and governance (ESG) challenges. Want to learn more? Reach out any time.

Additional Articles, Energy & Climate, Impact Investing, Sustainable Business

Giants of Social Investing-John Streur and Jack Robinsion by Bruce Piasecki

Giants of Social Investing: John Streur and Jack Robinson

New book by Bruce Piasecki

We live in a time of social unrest, when the ability to listen deeply and resolve matters of import are often lost in wheel spinning. Over the last five years, after my bestseller Doing More with Less: The New Way to Wealth, began introducing me to an array of incredibly interesting money managers, and social leaders, I wrote five short biographies to chronicle and to dramatize in everyday language the origins, ambitions, and results of these exemplar lives, sort of what Freud, Churchill, and Emerson did in far better ways in prior decades. But I used them as my models to capture the essence of these lives and their social contributions.

Curiosity led me to investigate these lives of social consequence. Although this book is about money and its social impacts, it is not simply about money-making; it is about becoming like Ben Franklin all over again,— inventive, diplomatic, supportive of others, and about social value.

Why a book about the John Steuer, CEO of Calvert Investments? And why a book about Jack Robinson, the founder of Winslow Investments (meaning Win Slow), and eventually the Vice Chairman and portfolio lead at Trillium Investments? These folks have made their clients rich, as they have influenced the bigger fish on Wall Street.

These two “giants” are recognized by Bloomberg, the SEC, and the investment community as leaders in mainstreaming Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) into the capital markets.

In fact, leaders in ESG now at Morgan Stanley, JP Morgan and Brown Advisory have been mentored by these giants. This goes well beyond the letters of intent stated these days by Blackrock’s Larry Fink, as these universal owners do not differentiate the kinds of winners before Jack and John.

I focused my attention on people who I felt served the greater fabric of society in ways that were often overlooked by mainstream praise. I have been fortunate enough to interact with interesting people throughout my firm’s 42 years, and am thrilled to introduce you to them. This excitement brought me to writing about sustainable fashion icon Eileen Fisher, expert on social cohesion Linda Coady, and now this exciting new release regarding our two friendly “Giants of Social Investing”.

What is ESG Investing?

Readers of GreenMoney know what ESG and social investment entails. But what does it look like from those originating the push? It is in a way getting into their characters that matter most. While John Steuer has plenty of issues he still wants to fix in world markets, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission’s new appetite under the Biden Administration for ESG data, what he has done to date matters. While Jack Robinson has watched ESG go from nothing to a third of all dollars in deals, he is not done with this battle as he is deeply focused on climate change investments. Now.

In my book, Giants of Social Investing, I argue that recognizing ESG trends is recognizing success in capital markets.

The book offers you insights into two exemplar lives. Jack Robinson and John Streur helped build the social impact investment world over the last thirty years, changing the very nature of capital markets. While they are both Americans, their influence in this study is shown to be global, reaching the largest Pension Funds in Japan and others on each continent. You see this ESG movement in the behavior of the major credit worthy institutions like Standard and Poors, where S&P purchased specialty researchers like TruCost to keep up to the trends first noted by Robinson and then Streur. There are now, on Bloomberg, over 30 followers to Jack and John listed in this Giants book. For those looking for grounds for hope in the search of social equality, diversity and responses to climate change and clean energy challenges, this book explains how their life work has helped investors discern reliable firms in clean energy, social inclusiveness and the social need for mobility past the combustion engine.

More on John Streur and Jack Robinson

My company was recently honored by Mr. Robinson spending four hours with us. We heard about his genesis, his career trajectory, and his advice. Over the course of those two Web Ex days we not only learned a great deal from Jack, but also from everyone in the audience. If you want the summary slides of the discussion with 70 investment heads, contact me at Bruce@ahcgroup.com, but first arrange for a qualifying discussion thru Marti Simmons, Marti@ahcgroup.com.

If you are interested in joining us for our four-hour conversation with John Streur, scheduled for this September, contact marti@ahcgroup.com for more information on how to RSVP.

Next Steps…

Giants of Social Investing is available for purchase on Amazon and at- https://store.bookbaby.com/book/giants-of-social-investing

Internationally, it is available at www.bokus.com.

Amazon has a fine description of the book here, and you can preview some of book there as well. I invite you to comment on these themes on my Medium entries at- https://brucepiasecki.medium.com


Article by Bruce Piasecki  Piasecki has written 16 books since his 1990 Simon and Schuster book. He and his wife have also recently announced their annual $5,000 award, The Bruce Piasecki and Andrea Masters Annual Award on Business and Society Writing. For more information see here or email AWARDS@ahcgroup.com. If under 36, please submit for this Award by August 1, or sooner. For a look at Bruce’s management firm, ACH Group. Inc go here.

“This book offers clear-eyed portraits of two successful and intriguing major world investors. We have seen this kind of penetrating case work before in Emerson, Freud, and Churchill. These profiles offer the immediacy of oral history, the hard-won knowledge of lived experience, with direct quotes from the major investors. This covers world history as their investments influence the over 5,000 companies their careers have influenced.”  

–Paul Grondahl, Director of The New York State Writer’s Institute, and author of this history of Erasmus Corning.

Announcing the Bruce Piasecki and Andrea Masters Award on Business and Society Writing



Additional Articles, Impact Investing, Sustainable Business

Calvert Impact Capital Invests in Sunwealth for Solar Access, Energy Savings and Jobs-GreenMoney

Calvert Impact Capital Invests in Sunwealth for Solar Access, Energy Savings & Jobs

Loan finances community-based solar for nonprofits, municipalities and businesses

Clean energy investment firm Sunwealth recently announced a $2.9 million loan from Calvert Impact Capital  to support Sunwealth’s solar access work. Sunwealth will use Calvert Impact Capital’s financing, together with $4.3 million in tax equity investment from private investors, to support 18 solar projects on the rooftops and parking lots of nonprofit organizations, multi-family apartment buildings, houses of worship and commercial office buildings in communities underserved by traditional renewable energy financing. These community-based solar projects will generate enough electricity to power over 300 homes annually, and will provide Sunwealth’s solar customers with $3.8 million in lifetime energy savings. Calvert Impact Capital’s loan will also help catalyze additional investment in Sunwealth’s innovative solar financing model.

Sunwealth brings critical capital to the commercial solar market – supporting solar projects ranging in size from 5 kilowatts to 1 megawatt on building rooftops and parking lots. The company partners with local solar developers and installers to design and construct these projects, which deliver solar access and long-term, meaningful energy savings to building owners and to low- and moderate-income households through community shared solar agreements. Sunwealth helps investors like Calvert Impact Capital put their money to work in these community-based projects, building portfolios that contribute to a more diverse and inclusive solar economy while delivering strong, stable and predictable financial returns.

Calvert Impact Capital’s loan supported projects across five states, including:

  • A 37-kilowatt installation on the rooftop of a multifamily apartment building owned by Fifth Avenue Committee (FAC), a nonprofit community development corporation in Brooklyn, NY. This system, installed by Solar Energy Systems, will allow FAC to provide building tenants with $240 in annual savings
  • Two rooftop solar installations totaling 204 kilowatts for the YMCA of Greater Hartford. These systems, installed by Greenskies Renewable Energy, will provide the nonprofit organization with close to $400,000 in lifetime energy savings.
  • A 340-kilowatt system on the roof of Auburn High School, in Auburn, MA. Installed by ACE Solar, this system will provide the school district with $682,000 in lifetime energy savings.

“Investors are looking for proactive solutions to climate change and inequality, two of the most pressing challenges of our time,” said Kevin Fanfoni, Director of Investments at Calvert Impact Capital. “Sunwealth’s model offers both: reducing carbon emissions and delivering solar access and savings to underserved markets, while supporting green jobs and revenues for local small businesses. We’re proud to partner with them to build a more equitable and inclusive renewable energy future.”

“For over a generation, Calvert Impact Capital has helped make impact ‘investable,’” said Jon Abe, CEO of Sunwealth. “They’ve set the standard for investments that deliver social and environmental as well as financial returns – and made those returns accessible to all investors. They’re a key partner as we look to decarbonize, decentralize and democratize our clean energy economy.”

Calvert Impact Capital would also like to thank their pro-bono counsel Jonathan Wilcon and Fannie Law at Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP for their dedication and support on this transaction.


About Sunwealth

Sunwealth is a clean energy investment firm working to change who has access to renewable energy by changing the way we invest in it. Combining deep experience in solar development and finance with roots in community and impact investing, Sunwealth invests in diverse commercial solar projects delivering clean energy and energy savings to communities while providing strong financial returns to investors and community partners. Since 2014, the company has invested over $50 million in more than 400 community-based solar projects nationwide; the company has delivered targeted returns to investors for 25 quarters with no defaults. In 2021, Impact Assets named Sunwealth to its IA50, a leading list of impact fund managers. 

About Calvert Impact Capital

Calvert Impact Capital invests to create a more equitable and sustainable world. Through their products and services, Calvert Impact Capital raises capital from individual and institutional investors to finance intermediaries and funds that are investing in communities left out of traditional capital markets. During its 25-year history, Calvert Impact Capital has mobilized over $2 billion of investor capital. Calvert Impact Capital also offers loan syndications, where they originate, structure, and administer loans for institutional and accredited lenders seeking environmental and social impact. To date, Calvert Impact Capital has syndicated and/or administered more than $300 million of capital for impact-oriented transactions. 

Under no circumstances is the information contained herein to be considered an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any financial product. Investments are offered only via definitive transaction documents and any potential investor should read such documents carefully, including all the risk factors relating to the investment, before investing.

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Domini 2020 Impact Report-GreenMoney

Domini 2020 Impact Report: Opportunities for Positive Change in a Challenging Year

Domini Impact Investments LLC, a women-led impact investment firm, has recently published the Domini Funds 2020 Impact Report, which highlights how investors came together to harness the power of finance to build a better world—despite the world 2020 delivered.

In particular, the report underscores 2020’s most crucial topics — our climate crisis, the novel coronavirus pandemic, and racial and gender inequality. Each of these pressing themes is presented in context with how Domini sets its investment standards, puts its position as an investor to work for positive change, and invests to build vibrant communities. “Impact is when what’s ideal becomes what’s real,” says CEO Carole Laible. “This report is our reality.”

Key Impact Highlights:

To find out more about these initiatives and highlights, download our report.


About Domini Impact Investments LLC

Domini Impact Investments LLC is an SEC-registered investment adviser specializing exclusively in impact investing. Domini serves individual and institutional investors who wish to create positive social and environmental outcomes while seeking competitive financial returns. Domini applies social, environmental and governance standards to all its investments, believing they help identify opportunities to provide strong financial rewards to its fund shareholders while also helping to create a more just and sustainable economic system.


Before investing, consider the Funds’ investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses. Contact us for a prospectus containing this and other information. Read it carefully. The Domini Funds are not insured. You may lose money. Shares of the Domini Funds are offered for sale only in the United States.

Past performance is no guarantee of future results. The Domini Funds are not bank deposits and are not insured. Investment return, principal value, and yield will fluctuate so that an investor’s shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. You may lose money.

The Domini Impact Equity Fund is subject to certain risks including impact investing, portfolio management, information, market, recent events, and mid- to large-cap companies risks. The Domini Impact International Equity Fund is subject to certain risks including foreign investing, emerging markets, geographic focus, country, currency, impact investing, and portfolio management risks. The Domini Sustainable Solutions Fund is subject to certain risks including sustainable investing, portfolio management, information, market, recent events, mid- to large-cap companies and small-cap companies risks. The Domini International Opportunities Fund is subject to certain risks including foreign investing, geographic focus, country, currency, impact investing portfolio management and information risks. Investing internationally involves special risks, such as currency fluctuations, social and economic instability, differing securities regulations and accounting standards, limited public information, possible changes in taxation, and periods of illiquidity. These risks may be heightened in connection with investments in emerging market countries.

The Domini Impact Bond Fund is subject to certain risks including impact investing, portfolio management, style, information, market, recent events, interest rate and credit risks. The value of your investment will fluctuate with changes in interest rates and could decline if an issuer’s credit rating falls, it goes bankrupt or it fails to pay, or otherwise defaults on payments of interest or principal. The Domini Impact Bond Fund currently holds a large percentage of its portfolio in mortgage-backed securities. During periods of falling interest rates, mortgage-backed securities may prepay the principal due, which may lower the Fund’s return by causing it to reinvest at lower interest rates. Some of the Domini Impact Bond Fund’s community development investments may be unrated and carry greater credit risks than its other investments. Potential risks related to the Bond Fund’s investments in derivatives include currency, leverage, liquidity, index, pricing and counterparty risk. TBA (To Be Announced) securities involve the risk that the security the Bond Fund buys will lose value prior to its delivery, that the security will not be issued, or the other party to the transaction will not meet its obligation, which can adversely affect the Fund’s returns. The reduction or withdrawal of historical financial market support activities by the U.S. Government and Federal Reserve, or other governments/central banks could negatively impact financial markets generally and increase market, liquidity and interest rate risks which could adversely affect the Funds’ returns.

DSIL Investment Services LLC (DSILD), Distributor, Member FINRA. 5/21

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2021 GreenBiz 30 Under 30 List of Sustainability Leaders

2021 GreenBiz 30 Under 30 List of Sustainability Leaders

Their dreams are bright: Walkable, equitable cities. Clean energy for Native American communities. Planet-healing fast food. Circular outdoor gear. Decarbonized buildings. Electrified mobility. That’s only a sampling of the ambitions of the sixth class of the GreenBiz 30 Under 30.

Our honorees for 2021 are intrepid startup founders, tenacious corporate innovators and determined public servants. The corporations among them include Credit Suisse, Deloitte, Foodstuffs, Gensler, Google, Ignitis Group, National Grid, Starbucks, Unilever and UPS. Other professionals in this group work at values-driven brands, such as Amy’s Kitchen, East West Tea Company, REI and Timberland. Still others are driving sustainability at nonprofit organizations and consultancies.

All combined, this year’s cohort reports to offices in 12 nations across six continents, including Brazil, Canada, China, India, Lithuania, New Zealand and Rwanda. In the United States, they hail from 15 cities, from Albuquerque, New Mexico to New York City — and several emigrated to the U.S. in childhood.

In addition, most of the honorees find the time to exercise global citizenship beyond their day jobs, mentoring youth, hosting a podcast and launching peer networking groups. Some have helped with disaster relief. Others have lost their own homes to natural disasters.

The GreenBiz 30 Under 30 candidates for 2021 were nominated by GreenBiz readers and community members around the world and selected by the GreenBiz editorial team. We’d like to express our appreciation to the World Business Council for Sustainable Business and Net Impact for helping to cast a global net for this year’s nominees.

Our 30 Under 30 Honorees list follows (in alphabetical order) Read about each of these innovators here.


Zack Angelini, 29, Senior Environmental Stewardship Manager, Timberland; Malden, Massachusetts

Vartan Badalian, 28, EV100 Program Manager for North America, The Climate Group; New York City

Mayane Barudin, 27, Regional Director and Tribal Liaison, Vote Solar; Albuquerque, New Mexico

Brock Battochio, 28, Co-Founder & Lead Engineer, Planetary Hydrogen; Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Stacia Betley, 29, Sustainability Integration Manager, Amy’s Kitchen; Petaluma, California

Briana Buckles, 29, Sustainability Manager, East West Tea Company; Eugene, Oregon

Maria Eduarda Camargo, 24, Founder, Pantys; São Paulo, Brazil 

Haseena Charania, 29, ESG Communications Strategy Supervisor, UPS; Atlanta

Morgan Collins, 28, Head of Sustainable Finance, Starbucks; Seattle

Chris Dowd, 26, Strategic Partnerships, Social Impact, Google; San Francisco

Francesca Goodman-Smith, 27, Transform Program Leader, Fight Food Waste Co-op Research Center; Brisbane, Australia

Ghislain Irakoze, 21, CEO and Founder, Wastezon; Kigali, Rwanda

Adrienne Johnson, 29, Associate Engineer, Point Energy Innovations, San Francisco

Jamario Jackson, 29, Senior Community Planner, TransForm; Oakland, California

Lina Khan, 29, Senior Sustainability Specialist and Global Design Resilience Practice Area Leader — Government + Defense, Gensler; San Francisco

Erik Landry, 29, Climate Change Specialist, GRESB; Amsterdam, Netherlands

Bonia Leung, 28, Sustainability Consultant, Environmental Resources Management (ERM); London

Laurence Lloyd Lumagbas, 29, Sustainability and Strategic Risk Advisory Services Manager, Deloitte Southeast Asia; Taguig City, Manila, Philippines

Akshay Makar, 27, Founder and CEO, Climatenza Solar; Delhi, India

Marta Misiulaityt, 29, Sustainability Manager, Ignitis Group; Vilnius, Lithuania

Alex Mitoma, 28, Environmental Specialist Associate, Port of Long Beach; Long Beach, California

Sripriya Navalpakam, 27, Sustainability Manager for North America, Unilever; New York City

Taylor Price, 29, Manager of Global Sustainability, AptarGroup; Charlotte, North Carolina

Yangshengjing “UB” Qiu, 27, Partnership Development Executive, Green Monday; Shanghai

Brittany Regner, 28, Assistant Vice President, Environmental and Social Risk, Credit Suisse; New York City 

Elisabeth Anna Resch, 28, Advisor, Global Impact Initiatives, United Nations Global Compact; Santiago, Chile

Harold Rickenbacker, 29, Manager, Clean Air and Innovation, EDF; Washington, D.C.

Yashi Shrestha, 28, Director, Science and Research, Novi; Los Angeles

Dawnielle Tellez, 29, Senior Sustainability Analyst, REI, Seattle

Cassandra Vickers, 27, Clean Transportation Product Developer, National Grid; Boston

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Organic Valley Launches Clean Energy Fund for its Farmers-GreenMoney-June 2021

Organic Valley Launches Clean Energy Fund for its Farmers

New Cooperative fund offers nation’s most farmer-friendly renewable energy loan program.

Organic Valley logo(above) A Wisconsin Organic Valley member farm with Solar panels installed. Courtesy of Organic Valley

Advancing its commitment to regenerative farming systems, Organic Valley is partnering with Clean Energy Credit Union (“Clean Energy CU”) to launch the Powering the Good Loan Fund to provide the best loan terms for farmers seeking to reduce their reliance on fossil fuels with renewable energy and efficiencies. The program is first of its kind for both cooperatives, pioneering a unique clean energy loan fund for over 1,700 farmers across the country.

To accelerate energy improvements, Organic Valley and Clean Energy CU will roll out a $1 million fund with plans to expand. As the nation’s largest organic, farmer-owned cooperative, Organic Valley pulls carbon out of the air through regenerative practices like rotational grazing, while also working to reduce carbon emitted wherever possible.

“Organic Valley leads on renewable energy. We have been 100% renewable powered in our owned facilities since 2019, and now we are going a step further,” said Bob Kirchoff, Organic Valley CEO. “We are focused on a whole systems approach to renewable energy, and I’m excited to debut this energy loan fund. From the farm to the shelf, I see renewable energy playing a bigger role in organic food. We are providing farmers a means to reduce their energy costs and become more self-sufficient and sustainable. Farmers who participate in this loan fund contribute to a healthy, regenerative future for the next generation.”

Kirchoff recently spoke about renewable energy as a guest speaker at the Agri-Pulse Ag and Food Policy Summit.

Loans supplied to Organic Valley farmers through Clean Energy CU will be used for:

  • Solar electric systems to offset farm energy consumption
  • Farm energy efficiency improvements such as plate coolers, VFDs, LED lighting, insulation, ventilation and more
  • Geothermal systems and ground-source heat pumps for farm heating and cooling.

This is a great example of cooperation among cooperatives to pursue our aligned missions,” said Blake Jones, Volunteer Board chair of Clean Energy CU. “Organic Valley is already helping to protect the environment through regenerative and organic farming practices, and now they’re going one step further by supporting the installation of renewable energy and energy efficiency projects for their farmer-members. In addition to the environmental benefits, we’re also excited about helping family farmers throughout the USA to lower their energy costs and improve the bottom line of their independently owned farms.”

The two cooperatives are experienced with advancing renewable energy and are now combining forces to accelerate renewable energy installations on farms across rural America.


About Organic Valley

Organic Valley is America’s largest cooperative of organic farmers and one of the nation’s leading organic brands. Founded in 1988, the cooperative represents nearly 1,800 farmers in 34 U.S. states, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom and achieved $1.1 billion in 2019 sales. Focused on its founding mission of saving family farms through organic farming, Organic Valley produces a wide range of organic dairy, egg and produce products. As a leader in pasture-based, regenerative organic farming, Organic Valley works with nature, not against it. For more information visit – https://www.organicvalley.coop. Organic Valley is also @OrganicValley on Instagram, Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter.

About Clean Energy Credit Union

Clean Energy Credit Union is a not-for-profit, financial services cooperative that focuses exclusively on providing loans for clean energy and energy-saving projects such as electric vehicles, e-bikes, solar electric systems, geothermal heat pump systems, and other green home improvements. Clean Energy Credit Union is an online/digital-only and federally chartered credit union that serves its members throughout the USA. For more information visit – https://www.cleanenergycu.org

Additional Articles, Energy & Climate, Food & Farming, Impact Investing, Sustainable Business

Can We Pay Farmers to Store Carbon Emissions - by Marcello Rossi-CCM

Can We Pay Farmers to Store Carbon Emissions in Their Fields?

By Marcello Rossi, Climate & Capital Media

CCM Featured news for GreenMoney readersModern agriculture releases carbon into the air. But a new generation of startups is paying farmers to put it back into the ground.

Simply cutting CO2 emissions is not enough, says the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. To slow global warming, we need to actually remove carbon from the sky. But how?

But as companies turn to the latest carbon-capture technologies, one low-tech solution has been gaining ground: Carbon farming, or regenerative agriculture, an approach rooted in millennia-old techniques that can pull carbon from the air and put it back into the soil. A new generation of startups is connecting carbon-emitting companies with farmers willing to use regenerative techniques to offset it.

Paying Back the Carbon Debt

Plants are natural carbon sponges, absorbing CO2 during photosynthesis. But plowing and tilling oxidizes the soil, in turn releasing more CO2 than crops can naturally consume, causing what scientists call this imbalance “soil carbon debt.” A study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences estimates that 12,000 years of agriculture has stripped away 8% of the earth’s carbon. Scientists estimate that adds up to a soil carbon debt of 133 billion tons.

Carbon farming relies on methods that allow crops to absorb more CO2 than is being released. These include no-till cultivation, in which the residue of previous harvests is left behind rather than being tilled away; cover cropping, in which a carpet of vegetation protects the soil; and rotational grazing, in which livestock only graze in one section of pasture at a time, allowing the rest of the field to regenerate.

These techniques have been around for thousands of years, but using them to fight global climate change is a relatively new phenomenon, and governments and nonprofits are beginning to incentivize farmers to adopt them. Montana-based nonprofit Western Sustainability Exchange runs a carbon payment program for ranchers in the state, and this year the state of California will award more than $22 million in grants to aspiring carbon farmers.

As in so many other areas of the environment, innovation has yielded a promising strategy. Creative investors are creating a new industry that connects carbon-emitting companies with farmers willing to capture it.

Creative investors are creating a new industry that connects carbon-emitting companies with farmers willing to capture it.

One standout is the Boston-based Indigo Ag, which has developed a marketplace in which companies seeking to reduce their carbon footprint can purchase offsets from farmers. At launch, farmers will earn $15 per ton sequestered. Indigo Ag’s Terraton Initiative aims to fund enough regenerative agriculture to soak up one trillion tons of atmospheric carbon—roughly the same amount humans have emitted since the start of the Industrial Revolution.

Indigo Ag vice president Ed Smith says the Terraton Initiative already involves thousands of growers working more than 18 million acres of farmland. “Using farmlands to capture and store atmospheric carbon dioxide is the only solution I know of that already exists, is affordable, and can be rolled out on a global scale,” he says.

Seattle-based social enterprise Nori is another startup investing in agriculture-based carbon offsets. Christophe Jospe, the company’s chief development officer, says it plans to use a blockchain-backed platform where carbon-emitters seeking to reduce emissions can pay farmers directly for the carbon they sequester. Nori won’t charge listing fees; farmers will get 100% of the value of the carbon removal, about $15 per ton. Initial outcomes are promising. During a pre-sale earlier this year, a Maryland farmer earned $115,000 for offsetting roughly 8,000 tons of carbon. More than 150 farmers working 500,000 acres are involved in the program, and Nori is planning another sale for later this year.

Another market backed by a consortium of food and agriculture giants that includes General Mills, McDonald’s, and Cargill, is currently running a pilot program that is scheduled to expand across the United States in 2022. Beyond the U.S., AustraliaCanada, the U.K, and France have existing or planned markets for agricultural-based carbon offsets.

Unknowns and challenges

Yet as millions of dollars flow into regenerative agriculture markets and initiatives, there remain doubts about whether the approach will actually deliver meaningful emissions reductions and slow climate change.

Global farmlands have the capacity to absorb and store billions of tons of carbon in the soil annually.

According to a report published last by the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, global farmlands do have the capacity to absorb and store billions of tons of carbon in the soil annually. But getting there is a complicated process that depends on what happens on hundreds of millions of farms working with varying types of soilclimatic conditions, and a range of other variables, not all of which are clearly understood by scientists.

Gauging soil carbon variations is another issue. Recent technological advancements have helped bolster the credibility of soil carbon measurement, yet existing methods cannot accurately establish whether one particular farm is actually decreasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

These uncertainties compound the well-documented challenges in establishing reliable carbon offset programs. Studies have shown that such schemes, like cap-and-trade programs adopted by the E.U. and California, can vastly overestimate reductions, paying participants vast sums for carbon cuts that may never occur. Critics also argue these programs can provide large polluters with a massive loophole for emitters, allowing them to claim declining emissions while refraining from taking serious action to transition away from fossil fuels.

Environmental groups, investors and scientists are enthusiastic about innovative carbon capture processes in agriculture.

Environmental groups, investors, and scientists are enthusiastic about innovative carbon capture processes in agriculture, and the best way to sustain these new programs, says Gilles Dufrasne, a policy officer at Brussels-based Carbon Markets Watch, is to involve and connect local and national policymakers in a global effort that includes rigorous regulation, communication and transparency. “We need our policymakers and legislators to resist wishful thinking and establish rigorous rules and processes that deliver actual greenhouse gas reductions rather than shifting pollution around,” she argues. “But it takes cooperation and political will to do so, and I see very little of both today.”

The sad question: When will governments and political leaders embrace the imperative of cooperation in cooling the planet?


Article by Marcello Rossi, a science and environmental freelance journalist covering climate change and the human impact on the environment. His works appeared in National Geographic, The Economist, The Guardian, Al Jazeera English, Nature Climate Change, Smithsonian, Outside, Quartz among other publications.

Article reprinted with permission. GreenMoney Journal and Climate & Capital Media have a strategic partnership. 

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Speed of Trust-A Native American Investment of Restorative Ag and Economics by Theo Ferguson

Speed of Trust: A Native American Investment Example of Restorative Agriculture and Economics

By Theo Ferguson, Healing Living Systems

Theo Ferguson of Healthy Living Systems

(above) Kevin Pourier’s Buffalo Horn Art: Connoting the achievement of bringing the Buffalo back. “wasna” carrying container by a hunter or warrior for nutrient dense “fast food”.


As White House National Climate Advisor Gina McCarthy espouses, we need to think in systemic terms when tackling our collective challenges — COVID, economic downturn, seeking social justice to heal racism, and climate change — these are all challenges that must be approached together. Our best guides — environmentally, socially, in governance practices and economically — are still our Indigenous brothers and sisters.

Eighty percent of the earth’s biodiversity is stewarded by 5 percent of the indigenous people living on 25 percent of the world’s land surfaces. Indigenous people, as a culture, have been very successful in living in balance with the environment.1 One could attest that their multi-dimensional, multi-generational ways of living and their spiritual connection with the lands and all species is the fundamental chord in the harmony and vitality they achieve.

Eighty percent of the earth’s biodiversity is stewarded by 5 percent of the indigenous people living on 25 percent of the world’s land surfaces. Indigenous people, as a culture, have been very successful in living in balance with the environment.

I attended the ASBC/SVC Spring Conference2 in April 2021. This session in particular impacted me — fundamentally. “Restorative Investing for Racial Justice: Learning More about the Tanka Bar Investment.” Participants included Aner Ben-Ami (Candide Group), Dawn Sherman (Native American Natural Foods (NANF)/Tanka Bar), Jeff Cyr (Raven Capital Partners), and Laina Greene (Angels of Impact). Some of the text of this article is drawn from that session.

In 2006 Native American Natural Foods (NANF), an Oglala Lakota enterprise mounted on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, launched the Tanka Bar, the first commercial bison meat-and-fruit energy bar, based on a traditional Lakota recipe called ‘wasna.’ The intent of the enterprise was to bring the Buffalo back, as the Oglala Lakota people experience themselves and the Buffalo as Sister Nations. With lean buffalo meat reintroduced into their diet, the Oglala Lakota curtailed obesity and diabetes; simultaneously reintroducing the Buffalo led to regenerated soil and community health. With a goal of equitable wealth creation within its robust supply chain, NANF aimed to create livelihoods for their community members and Native ranchers (unemployment on the reservation is around 70 percent!), and bring bison back to the prairie, with profound climate and cultural implications.

Buffalo Returns – Pine Ridge Indian Reservation was on the brink of economic ruin and tribal elders Mark and Karlene felt they could find a solution. See how their company, Tanka, used cultural tradition to help create a sustainable economy for the Lakota people. Film produced with help from American Express

After its founding in 2006 by Karlene Hunter and Mark Tilsen, NANF experienced two good years, followed by 2008’s global economic dive and being pushed out of the market by well-funded “copy-cat” competition seeking to reap the rewards of buffalo meat products. Since “giving up” was not an option, NANF CEO Dawn Sherman and team “hung on” in the isolation of Pine Ridge for 3 years. NANF kept the company alive through the strength of their creation story with Buffalo, their core indigenous values, their leadership nation-wide and their on-line marketing. NANF negotiated a strategic partnership with Niman Ranch, which covered sales and supply chain management; brought in their primary bison supplier as a strategic partner; and built up their Advisors and Board. They found in the Candide Group, an equity investor partner, ready to provide regenerative funding for their food enterprise that upholds indigenous values using traditional recipes.

Aner Ben-Ami of the Candide Group3 is involved in redefining investing within the firm. Ben-Ami working with the Candide Group partner base, developed a model of investing that is based on food justice. The Group seeks through its investments to promote social justice and equity; they aim to help re-define who wins and who loses in our economy. The Group casts a wide net, knowing many issues are deeply intersectional and no issue is more intersectional than food. Our food industry can be redesigned to create wealth for the historically disadvantaged—often people of color (POC) workers/suppliers—as well as to serve healthy and nutritious food to lower income (often POC) communities. As investors, as we move capital away from an extraction economy to one based on shared ownership, it is critical to evaluate each enterprise’s fundamental principles.

Jeff Cyr is Managing Partner of Raven Capital Partners’ Raven Indigenous Impact Fund (RIIF)4, Canada’s first Indigenous financial intermediary. The Fund is working at the Canada-US Border practicing Restorative Economics. The group’s fundamental perspective is relationality in place-based capital, using money as medicine5 in service of Restorative Economics. Given Raven Capital’s focus, it was a natural alliance for Jeff to work with Candide Group’s Ben-Ami on an Indigenous investment.

The Candide Group saw the Tanka Bar enterprise’s equitable wealth creation, soil health, Indigenous values, investment structures, and focus on long-term Native ownership. Dawn Sherman’s team, with her elders’ approval, worked with Aner and Jeff to move the profit-seeking—not profit-maximizing—relationship forward at the “speed of trust.”6

The investment with decolonizing outcomes has created an innovative, reasonable 8-9 percent “all boats rise” solution built as a values-relations protocol, as well as a restorative, entrepreneur-friendly deal structure.

NANF has been opposed to the idea of building the business to sell it. NANF’s goal is to create wealth for Native owners, workers and ranchers through systemic, regenerative agriculture cultivating a keystone species while building soil health and human health. NANF believes that the goals proposed can only be fulfilled if NANF stays in Native hands under 100 percent native leadership over the long term.

Ben-Ami states: This is an equity investment with meaningful departures from convention:

  • “Native override”: Any financial distribution must include more than 51% of proceeds going to Native owners. These terms differ from conventional terms in one key way. Typically, preferred equity investors are the FIRST to get repaid. If a business must be sold because it cannot generate a return for all shareholders, preferred shareholders get all proceeds until they at least get their money back. This isn’t the case here – non-indigenous equity investors would recover at most 49% of proceeds.
  • Redemption right: Investors don’t expect NANF to pursue a sale of the business, instead investors have a redemption right. Investors ask the company to buy our shares back. If that isn’t possible—i.e. the company doesn’t have the resources—investors are collectively committed to prioritizing a third-party Native buyer. This scenario would result in an INCREASE in Native ownership; additionally, non-Native shareholders’ returns would be capped at a maximum of 2x initial investment. This is very different from a typical equity investment, where investors expect the company to be sold to the highest bidder.
  • For investors working with a severely under-resourced Native-owned company, there are certain additional considerations: Costs to holistic exit could be a pro bono attorney—term sheets lead investors’ attorney. Investors took on significant percentage of legal costs given atypical terms. Investors helped fund an outsourced CFO to support the process on the company side, so that NANF’s CEO was not solely responsible for financial analyses and projections.

Ben-Ami stated: “We’re honored to be a partner to NANF’s work, and encourage others to follow their journey in using decolonized wisdom for regenerative growth.”

  • Jeff Cyr: Indigenous investors take a lot of time. With good relationships the cost could be low. Sometimes the parties share the same attorney.

 Jeff Cyr observed: “Indigenous people are on a journey together. Money is love. Money is medicine. These enterprises are cultural capital. We want to undertake these entrepreneurial deals as native American activities overseen by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. This regenerative agricultural enterprise is taking back the Buffalo, our relatives, the bringing the people back their health.”

Dawn Sherman elevated again the critical need to work with all our relations: “Mitakuye Oyasin—We are all related.” “We need to work as partners and face the storm together.”

Jeff Cyr enjoined the audience to work on restorative enterprises. “We need an economics that works for the world, not for economic exclusion.  All my relations, create an economics for the world.”


Article by Theo Ferguson, CEO and founder of Healing Living Systems, Inc., a CA Social Purpose Corporation. Theo has been Focused on Food, Farming and Finance Infrastructure and Social Justice, and Advocacy since 2004.

Footnotes: Find all the footnotes details here as well as some additional useful information.


Note to Readers – Read Dawn Sherman’s full article on “Regenerating the Land and Native Communities with Bison” she wrote for GreenMoney in 2020.

Featured Articles, Food & Farming, Impact Investing, Sustainable Business

Betterment Harvest-Ag-Tech in Appalachia

Betterment Harvest: Ag-Tech in Appalachia

By Mark LaVerghetta, Land Betterment Corporation

Mark LaVerghetta-of Land Betterment CorpWe are at the forefront of a transformational shift throughout the Appalachian region and parts of the Midwest. As the United States incrementally and increasingly migrates away from fossil fuels as an energy source, the region has been left with a tremendous void in terms of lost economic opportunity.

The coal industry was once both the prominent source of energy in the U.S. and a major economic driver for this region. Today, thermal coal accounts for approximately 20 percent of the country’s generated electricity; down from approximately 40 percent in 2014. Due to specific mining conditions and cost structures, thermal coal mined from most of the Appalachian region has fallen below the economic margin, and much of the industry in the region has been forced into bankruptcies and out of business.

The downturn in the thermal coal industry has not only left the region with a void of economic opportunity and a declining tax base, but the associated coal mining bankruptcies have left a mounting number of abandoned and unfunded and under-funded environmental liabilities.

Land Betterment Corporation, a pending B-Corp, focuses on environmental solutions and a commitment to positive social and environmental impact by upcycling former coal mining and industrial sites to create sustainable community development and job creation. The company is taking a fresh yet practical approach in bringing real solutions to address these problems. Land Betterment’s two main divisions, Environmental Solutions and Sustainable Development, take a customized and holistic approach to remediate lands left behind by the legacy of the coal mining industry and other industrial activity, and repurpose certain parcels of land to bring business and jobs that fit a more modern-day economy. These new business lines focus on rebuilding or introducing an economic ecosystem in the region that is more sustainable and create jobs that are desired and fit the skillset of the local, yet displaced work force. The Company currently has Sustainable Business lines that include industries such as recycling, container-based housing, craft spirits, bee farming and Ag-Tech.

As a small example of Land Betterment’s work, its Ag-Tech division, Betterment Harvest, is currently building on the regional momentum to bring a scalable and community-based approach to sustainable agriculture which utilizes state-of-the-art, science-based practices that maximize productivity and profit while minimizing environmental damage. These technologies include a range of applications, such as indoor hydroponic systems installed in renovated and repurposed existing industrial buildings selectively positioned throughout eastern Kentucky. This sustainable development exemplifies how Land Betterment repurposes prior industrial sites left by a declining industry into new technologies that the community can embrace.

As another example, Land Betterment recently successfully bid to acquire control of a shutdown elementary school in Perry County, Kentucky. Land Betterment plans to renovate the Willard Elementary School, which was closed in 2018, and repurpose the school and surrounding property into an ag-tech center to focus on vertical and greenhouse farming. The closed school has approximately 4 acres of developable land which Land Betterment plans to upcycle into a local agriculture tech center and utilize the interior of the school for sophisticated vertical and greenhouse farming to grow various produce and plant propagation.

On this particular acquisition, Mark Jensen, Land Betterment’s Executive Chairmen commented that “We are really excited about the development of our Betterment Harvest division and the local adoption we are seeing. The Willard School is a great example of how we are approaching the Ag-Tech industry. The local community was happy to see the shutdown school repurposed for economic and community development. The region has a ton of old infrastructure and mining lands in need of environmental repair. We see the potential that these lands have in other industries, such as agriculture, and the region is in need of an economic shot in the arm. Additionally, the Appalachian region makes for an ideal Ag-Tech hub as its location places it within a one day drive of the majority of the U.S. population. The highly skilled, local workforce is excited about new opportunities, and we are excited to bring a scalable and solution-based approach to support the regional momentum in the Ag-Tech industry. The Appalachian region and the U.S, as a whole needs better access to healthy foods. With the U.S. increasingly relying on food imports, an efficient and sustainable agriculture hub in Appalachia address a lot of problems. For one, it reduces the transportation and diesel use of imported produce. It also helps in rejuvenating a region with a real and positive impact. We’re not just providing fresh produce and jobs to the communities; we’re also teaching future generations about agriculture and health”

To help advance Land Betterment’s business model in this region of the United States, the Company currently has access to over 13,000 acres of land to help foster new industry. Land Betterment is also working with the local technical college to support the activity of its Ag-Tech operations as well as to promote the education and relevant technical skill development. Mr. Jensen added, “We are excited to be at the forefront of the tremendous potential for the region to develop sustainable business practices to address some of the regional and national problems.”

Click here to learn more about Land Betterment and its impact investment opportunities.


Article by Mark LaVerghetta  After spending 20 plus years on sales side securities advisory, Mark has been dedicated to delivering shareholder and stakeholder value. As for the Vice President of Corporate Finance and Communication for American Resources Corp (Nasdaq: AREC) he drives retail and institutional investor communication and strategy. As a Co-Founder and Chief Governance Officer of Land Betterment (Private pending B-Corp) he ensures proper operational and corporate governance while growing sustainable businesses. Mark is a graduate of University of Virginia with a B.A. in economics while playing varsity Lacrosse.

Energy & Climate, Featured Articles, Food & Farming, Impact Investing, Sustainable Business

Investing in Local Sustainable Ag and Food by Dorothy Suput-the Carrot Project

The Carrot Project: Investing in Local Sustainable Ag and Food

By Dorothy Suput, The Carrot Project

The Carrot Project logo

(above) Dorothy Suput, The Carrot Project’s Executive Director (left), with farmer Tyler Sage of Sage Farm (Bernardston, MA) and his pasture-raised heritage pigs. Photo by Genevieve Goldleaf.

During the pandemic, farmers and food producers selling locally showed their strength, as the weaknesses of our global food supply chain were exposed. Farmers relying on wholesale distribution systems, such as dairies, were dumping product because of a breakdown in supply chains. Meat processing plants slowed operations, negatively impacting supply. Meanwhile, local producers ramped up production, updated their online systems, or pivoted from institutional buyers to grocery stores and direct-to-consumer sales. Thriving local farms not only came through with good food, but continued to steward the land and give back to their communities. Our local food ecosystem’s resilience results from the incredible work ethic of farmers, buoyed by collaboration with business development programs and the help of state and federal governments, philanthropy and the growing role of private investors.

Heart Beets Farm, Steve Murray’s diversified vegetable farm in southeastern Massachusetts, shows how farmers serving local markets reacted to the pandemic. When demand for safe and local food exploded in spring 2020, Steve was able to make a rapid, confident pivot. To protect themselves and their customers, he made the risky decision to drop their farmers’ market, and close their farm stand. Instead, Heart Beets almost doubled the number of farm shares offered from 120 to 210 — and sold out.

Steve Murray of Heart Beets Farm from The Carrot Project
Steve Murray of Heart Beets Farm (Berkley, MA) dropped his farmer’s market for a CSA-only model during the pandemic – a tough decision that paid off. Photo by Alex Fitzsimmons.

This huge decision was possible because Steve tracks his numbers carefully; thanks to business support from The Carrot Project, he knew exactly which parts of his farm were most profitable. He was able to analyze his enterprises and assess a path toward profitability and stability in this tumultuous year. Shifting to online-only CSA sales worked so well he plans to retain it for the foreseeable future. Steve’s farm grew to its current state with the help of a Carrot loan to invest in equipment, backed by social impact investors and matched by a state program for beginning farms.

Investing in local and sustainable farms and food businesses strengthens communities, especially in the wake of this pandemic. “We’re all going to have some collective trauma to work through,” said Janet Steward, co-owner of Greenfield Highland Beef in Greensboro Bend, VT, and an early Carrot loan recipient. “As farmers, we have a special role in healing and care. Farmers have the gift of being able to care for their communities with food.”

The Carrot Project-Investing in Local Sustainable Ag and Food by Dorothy Suput-The Carrot Project
Janet Steward and Ray Shatney of Greenfield Highland Beef (Greensboro Bend, VT) admire one of their prizewinning Highland cows.

Opportunities to invest in local food are expanding. For example, after developing their business skills with The Carrot Project, farmers can now move on and seek other types of investments from capital providers that work with private investors, such as the PVGrows Investment Fund and Dirt Capital Partners. Three former Carrot clients have secured farmland with Dirt Capital Partners.

How did we arrive at this growing ecosystem of capital providers for local, sustainable agriculture? It didn’t happen overnight. Before banks consolidated, a trend that escalated in the 1990s, small farms could usually access capital easily. When The Carrot Project started in 2006, there was little recognition that the banking sector no longer met the needs of the small, but growing, local agricultural movement. Capital providers tended to assume that when a farmer was unable to secure capital, it was the farmer’s fault, thinking the farmer had a poor business or wouldn’t do the work to meet the needs of the lender.

This vacuum of capital for farmers led to funds working with private investors. Over the last fifteen years, the availability of capital has transformed. In addition to the funds mentioned above, private investors started Slow Money and investments took off through state, regional, and local chapters. Most New England states’ community loan funds or CDFIs, who already work with private investors, added programs to support local sustainable food and agriculture. New too are social impact funds that include food and agriculture among a broader array of opportunities, such as Vermont’s Flexible Capital Fund. In the Northeast, the newest entries include The Maine Harvest Federal Credit Union, launched in 2020, and the Hudson Valley Agribusiness Development Center, which recently became a CDFI and anticipates working with private investors.

Farmer Cian Dalzell is a graduate of The Carrot Project business advisors training program-photo by Michelle Davidson-Schapiro
Cian Dalzell, a farmer in Western MA and a graduate of The Carrot Project’s training program, is now one of The Carrot Project’s business advisors. Photo by Michelle Davidson-Schapiro.

Another major shift is an increasing awareness of the critical role of business development services, which mitigate risk and support long-term viability. After The Vermont Farm and Forest Viability Program and The Carrot Project documented the critical impact of business technical assistance, and capital became more widely available than when we started, The Carrot Project’s focus shifted from providing loans to offering business technical assistance, particularly helping farmers manage their finances. Recognizing the importance of business development services also led to starting the Agricultural Viability Alliance. The Alliance’s goal is to increase the number and economic viability of farm and food businesses, by bringing together business assistant providers and organizations from across New England and New York’s Hudson Valley to address shared challenges, facilitate more uniform high-quality coverage, and share and expand limited resources.

As the landscape changes, so do the opportunities for social impact investors. Some local farm and food businesses are looking for ways to grow or scale; others are looking to build stronger community connections; and still others want to keep their businesses small and financially sustainable. The average farmers’ age in the US is 57; opportunities to invest in farmland succession, transfer, and access will continue to be important to support the massive transition of land anticipated by 2040. New funds, such as the Black Farmers Fund, and new investment opportunities to help with mitigation and adaptation to climate change are on the horizon. Others are starting to research and organize asset classes and figure out what it will take to make investing in local sustainable agriculture and food systems more readily available. These developing opportunities, combined with those that have emerged over the last 15 years, provide investors with options to join this crucial and hopeful sector that is growing good food, stewarding the land, and giving back to communities.


Article by Dorothy Suput, founder and executive director of The Carrot Project. Dorothy’s commitment to a sustainable food system grew out of the incredible contrasts between Midwestern agriculture, with which she grew up, and the locally focused food and farming system in Switzerland, where she lived after graduating with a BS from Purdue University. Dorothy formalized her commitment when she returned to the U.S. to complete her Masters degree, from Tufts University’s Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning program, by focusing on sustainable agriculture and non-profit management. Following graduate school, she worked as the first regional organizer on the 1995 Farm Bill for the Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Working Group under the auspices of the Campaign for Sustainable Agriculture, and subsequently, as a consultant for the Hartford Food System, Red Tomato, and The Food Project. Dorothy serves on the Board of Managers for the Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund Flexible Capital Fund and the Advisory Committee for the PVGrows Investment Fund.

Featured Articles, Food & Farming, Impact Investing, Sustainable Business

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